by Joost Vervoort and Gopal Datt Bhatta
In South Asia, the impacts of future climate change on the livelihoods of the rural poor, on regional food security and on environmental change are very uncertain and depend on the development of future technologies, economies, institutions and communities. What actions could be taken to tackle climate change through cooperation among South Asian nations that might not have been possible in the past?
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is facilitating a process to explore how key socio-economic uncertainties relate to the uncertainty of future climate change. An international workshop was organized in late November in Colombo, Sri Lanka, wherein regional facilitators from governments, private sector, academia, media and civil society related to food systems and environments met to explore key uncertainties for future food security, environments and livelihoods in South Asia up to 2050.
By East Africa Team
Good quality climate information is vital in managing climate risks. Consideration of user needs when delivering climate services is critical. This was a recurring theme of the Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA-II), which ran in mid-October in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The conference was organized by United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) in collaboration with its partners in the Climate for Development in Africa initiative. It brought together over 300 participants from African member states, regional economic communities, river basin organizations, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector, academia and development partners.
“The key prerequisites for climate service delivery are available, dependable, usable, credible, authentic, responsive and sustainable,” said Mr Jeremiah Lengoasa, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Deputy Secretary General as he gave the key note address during a session on Climate Service Delivery for Development. Read more »
By Jeff Haskins and Dan Klotz
At the Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia conference last week, Alex De Pinto (a research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute - IFPRI) led a breakout discussion on mitigating climate change impacts with experts from India, Laos, the Philippines, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Japan. He spoke about the experience afterwards.
Alex is an environmental and natural resource economist currently conducting and managing research projects on climate change mitigation in agriculture in Morocco, Ghana, Mozambique, and Vietnam and is also conducting research on the economics of land degradation.
Written by Jeff Haskins and Dan Klotz
Last year’s record flooding in the Chao Phraya River’s watershed caused $40 billion in damages and left one third of Thailand—including parts of Bangkok, the capital and largest city—underwater for weeks. The prolonged media coverage, however, completely drowned out most recollections of the record drought that the country experienced in 2010.
For Thailand, managing the agricultural challenges presented by climate change means planning to handle both too much water and too little. One solution, Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR), sets aside land in upstream areas of major rivers to “capture” floodwater and direct it into natural underground aquifers. With fully “charged” aquifers, farmers could then maintain rice yields during dry spells. Read more »
Written by Jeff Haskins and Dan Klotz
How do you adapt agriculture to climate change? The first point driven home by M.V.K. Sivakumar, Director of the World Meteorological Association’s Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch, and Dr. Takeshi Horie, President of the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) of Japan, is the importance of getting practical information in the hands of the farmers.
Dr. Sivakumar and Dr. Horie made their points at “Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia: Research and Development Priorities,” a conference convened in Bangkok this week by the Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutes (APAARI), the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
“The global availability of food has increased with time,” said Dr. Sivakumar, “but the number of hungry and malnourished still remains large. Food demands are increasing, climate demands are increasing, natural disasters are increasing in number and size.” Read more »
Gaby Kissinger reports from the International Conference on Climate Change, Sustainable Agriculture and Public Leadership in New Delhi, India, where she shared ideas to promote local, Indian national and international leadership in adapting smallholder farming to climate change.
India is already demonstrating tangible leadership in national, regional and local efforts to promote adaptation to climate change, particularly considering the vulnerability of smallholder producers. However, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change processes still needs to define opportunities for mitigation and adaptation. How can India show international leadership in adapting smallholder farming to climate change while continuing the positive efforts at the local and national levels?
The International Conference on Climate Change, Sustainable Agriculture and Public Leadership (7-9 February 2012), brought together a range of people from national governments, and international and national research organisations to discuss these issues.
Variations in rainfall, temperature and extreme events brought about by climate change will not affect women and men in the same way. In most cases, the reasons for the different experiences are not due to physical differences, but due to gender differences. Gender refers to the roles that societies ascribe to men and women, determining what activities and responsibilities are appropriate for each sex. The majority of societies in the world are patriarchal, meaning that men are at the forefront of decision-making and hold the bulk of power. Read more »
CCAFS Coordinating Unit - University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Rolighedsvej 21, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark, phone +45 35331046; Email ccafs [at] cgiar [dot] org, EAN 5790000279012
Lead Center - International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)