by Alexa Jay and James Hansen
Our research theme, Adaptation through managing climate risk, is leading efforts to build the resilience of agriculture and food systems to a variable and changing climate. From the field level to government policy, efforts to reduce the impacts of climate risk on food security depend increasingly on information and knowledge. Improving climate-related information and connecting it to those who need it is a vital part of our work.
In an increasingly uncertain climate, climate information and advisory services can help farmers better manage risk and take advantage of favorable climate conditions. Climate services are receiving increasing attention among development organizations as a way to support climate change adaptation and immediate development goals. Read more »
by Floriane Clement
International climate change debates are often based upon simplistic assumptions of how men and women perceive and address risks and uncertainty. For instance, women are commonly portrayed as a homogenous group who are always more vulnerable than men to climate change simply because they are women. Yet the relationship between gender, poverty and vulnerability is neither straightforward, nor universal (Arora-Jonsson, 2011).
Just to illustrate, in some areas of Nepal it was found that poor women from landless households are more likely to attend community meetings and speak up because they feel less constrained by social norms than women from higher class and caste (Agarwal, 2010). They have therefore a higher capability to influence community decisions that might affect their vulnerability. Read more »
by Cecilia Schubert
What would smallholder farmers’ from around the world say if they got the opportunity to join the current climate negotiations in Doha? What type of results would they like to see come out of the conference? James Kinyangi, Regional Program Leader for the East Africa program of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), discusses in this video interview what we can do to make sure that the smallholder farmers' voices are heard around the negotiating table, and what they need and want from the conference. Read more »
By Jeremy Cherfas
While some scientists are working hard to breed new crop varieties better adapted to the predicted impacts of climate change, others are exploring adaptation options already present in genebanks and in farmers’ fields. Read more »
One of the objectives of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is to bring together the research community to focus on addressing food security, and dealing with resilience, adaptation, and mitigation. To support this, CCAFS helped to set up the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change, which is busy finalizing its recommendations for policy makers, which will be launched on 16 November.
Christine Negra, who coordinates the Commission, recently spoke to the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development about the need to transform the food system, highlighting achievements at the Global Science Conference on Climate Smart Agriculture in the Netherlands, and giving a sneak preview of the Commission's proposal.
Watch it here: Read more »
According to a recent article in The New Agriculturist pastoralism is the best way to cope with drought. This statement is based on the findings from the report ‘An Assessment of the response to the 2008-2009 drought in Kenya’, produced by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). Based on interviews with pastoralists the researchers found that the best way for them to cope with famine was to ensure that they had access to grazing and watering areas. Pastoralism was also viewed as the most productive use of drylands in the Horn of Africa and increased mobility of pastoralists could prevent future food crisis in these areas. In other words, by allowing pastoralists to move to other, unused grazing areas, they can more easily mitigate livestock losses during a drought. This is becoming increasingly problematic however, the report states, since mobility is being reduced and impeded. The report recommends that interventions targeting the removal of restrictions to mobility and access should be considered as prime activities during preparedness. To read more about the ILRI report please click here. Read more »
by Cecilia Schubert
With women making up 60-80 percent of farmers in Africa, they are likely to be more vulnerable to the effects of climate change. However, they are also in the position to be effective agents of change in supporting both mitigation and adaptation activities. This is visible in the work of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), a partner in the CGIAR climate program. The organization recently released a video (see below), produced by ICRISAT's Alina Paul-Bossuet, which shows how women from the Indian women organization Adarsha, volunteer as village network assistants within the program Virtual Academy for Semi-Arid Tropics. The women continuously work with ICRISAT scientists on issues and concerns based on farmers’ problems related to climate change. The women act as intermediaries between the scientists (who come up with context-specific agricultural solutions), and the farmers. The two groups met every week via audio and video conferencing facilities at the village resource center, demonstrating innovative use of Information and Communication Technologies for development (ICT4D). Read more »
The 6-minute photostory documents the experiences of smallholder coffee farmers in Colombia’s southwestern Cauca department, who are already feeling the effects of rising temperatures on their crucial, high-value cash crop. It is the first in a recent three-part series documenting the challenges of climate change to smallholder farmers in South America and Africa. (Ver abajo para la descripción en español.)
Subiendo dos grados: COLOMBIA. Los pequeños productores de café en Colombia pueden vislumbrar los efectos del cambio climático en este cultivo vital y de alto valor.
La Cumbre de Cambio Climático en Cancún ha debatido y aprobado un objetivo global de aspirar a un aumento máximo de la temperatura promedio mundial de 2ºC como consecuencia del cambio climático. Aún un aumento de 2ºC, sin embargo, tendrá un impacto significativo sobre la agricultura. Una manera de demostrarlo es analizando sistemas agropecuarios que están a corta distancia geográficamente pero tienen una diferencia de 2 grados en su temperatura promedio. En esta parte de la serie “Subiendo dos grados” creada por el Centro Internacional para la Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) nos enfocamos en el café en el suroeste de Colombia. En esta región, sistemas agrícolas separados por 400 metros en altitud tienen una diferencia de temperatura de 2 grados. Cuesta abajo, en la zona más cálida se puede vislumbrar el futuro de los sistemas de café en un escenario futuro de incremento de 2 grados centígrados. Allí, los cultivos sufren efectos devastadores de las plagas y enfermedades y los productores están cambiando a cultivos menos rentables.
Bruce Campbell, Director of CCAFS
Gerald Nelson, IFPRI, CCAFS theme leader
Sir John Beddington, Chief UK Science Advisor
Voices from Agriculture and Forest Day participants
CCAFS Coordinating Unit - University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Rolighedsvej 21, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark, phone +45 35331046; Email ccafs [at] cgiar [dot] org, EAN 5790000279012
Lead Center - International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)