One of the key mitigation strategies in agricultural landscapes is to sequester carbon in the soil or in trees. Several schemes have developed where parties may purchase carbon credits produced by farmers to offset their own carbon emissions. Engaging farmers in such carbon finance schemes is challenging, however, due to the establishment of mechanisms for carbon sequestration, uncertainties surrounding the carbon market, language and media access barriers to participation in information flows, unclear risks and unrealistic expectations about benefits of carbon schemes to farmers.
The Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev Africa) Programme calls for the organization of an annual conference which serves as an annual stakeholder forum on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA). The ClimDev Africa Programme is a joint initiative of the African Union Commission (AUC), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the African Development Bank (AfDB).
Climate conditions can determine when and where epidemics of diseases such as malaria and meningitis will strike or where food stocks will diminish. Shifts in rainfall patterns over a region can increase the likelihood of wildfires and food insecurity in one year, and flooding and mudslides in the next. Easily accessible and timely scientific information can help societies not only limit the economic and social damage caused by climate-related disasters, but also take advantage of opportunities provided by favorable conditions. Climate services are meant to fill this need. They will ensure that the best available climate science is effectively communicated with agriculture, water, health and other sectors, to develop and evaluate mitigation and adaptation strategies.
The CGIAR is committed to reducing poverty and hunger, improving human health and nutrition, and enhancing ecosystem resilience through high-quality international agricultural research, partnership and leadership. Therefore the Science Forum 2011 will focus on the growing concern about the environmental impacts of achieving global food production targets. There are many different dimensions of the challenge to identify more environmentally sound ways to meet global food needs, in a time of changing climates, depleted supplies of fossil fuels and inputs such as phosphorous and water for irrigation. Sustainable intensification of production is needed. There is also a need to husband and protect environmental services. Our approaches must be equitable; it is essential that the needs of the poorest sectors of the world’s population are met.
The Global Science Conference on Climate-Smart Agriculture will bring together world experts on climate-smart agriculture to provide a synthesis of the current state of knowledge in order to deliver a set of findings based on multi-disciplinary science and best practices.
The workshop will bring a small set of experts together to identify the most important gaps in, e.g., knowledge, methodology, tools, observations, evidence, capacity or coordination that currently limit the benefits of index-based insurance to smallholder farmers and the rural poor in the developing world. It will also contribute to an agenda for strategic research to address those gaps and inform a partnership and value-addition strategy for the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) will together host a workshop on smallholder mitigation. The purpose of the workshop is to advance knowledge and use of methods for the quantification of net emissions at the whole farm and landscape levels for developing country, smallholder contexts.
CCAFS Coordinating Unit - University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Rolighedsvej 21, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark, phone +45 35331046; Email ccafs [at] cgiar [dot] org, EAN 5790000279012
Lead Center - International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)