The Usambara mountains, which form part of the Eastern Arc Mountains of East Africa, are a global hotspot for biodiversity with diverse micro eco-zones within a relatively small area
Mixed crop-livestock, quite intensive farming systems in higher elevation and agro-pastoral farming systems in lower elevation; The Usambaras are an important source of water for northeastern Tanzania; the Pangani River is utilized for urban water supply, irrigation and hydropower generation. Deforestation, poor land management and inadequate funds for watershed management pose a threat to the long-term supply of quality water from the Usambaras to downstream communities. Impacts are already seen in agricultural production, municipal water supply and hydropower. Land is a limiting factor due to increasing population and poor land productivity. The lack of by-laws or the ability to enforce them, which is necessary to enhance conservation efforts, has led to the failure of implementing measures to improve environmental services.
CCAFS Coordinating Unit - University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Rolighedsvej 21, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark, phone +45 35331046; Email ccafs [at] cgiar [dot] org, EAN 5790000279012
Lead Center - International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)