Climate-smart food systems in Southeast Asia

Photo: Georgina Smith/CIAT
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Project description

Many Southeast Asian countries are fast changing with strong economic growth, population increase and rapid urbanization. With rising income, consumers in the region are diversifying their diet from staples to more high-value products such as meat, dairy products, fruits, and vegetables.

At the same time, these fast rising countries are highly vulnerable to extreme events such as drought, flooding, typhoons, salinity intrusions, and sea level rise. The preparedness of these countries to advice farmers in high risk zones to diversify away from paddy to more climate-resilient crops such as corn, legumes, roots and tubers in a timely manner could save livelihood of millions of small poor farmers.

The objective of this project is to develop policy and institutional framework to mitigate the effects of extreme weather events in high risk zones of Vietnam and the Philippines through policy dialogue and crop diversification. In a nutshell, the specific objectives can be broken down into the following two components. The first component focuses on generating and disseminating scientific evidence of benefits of crop diversification in rice-based cropping system. The second component specifically focuses on strengthening seed systems through policy reforms and private sector participation. The project aims to accelerate crop diversification in high risk zones of Vietnam and the Philippines and raises income of 100,000 farmers by 20%. This is expected to improve the sustainability of rice based systems and improve nutrition security.

Activities

  • Breed tropically-adapted high yielding potato varieties (TAP-5)
  • Identification of high-risk area in Vietnam and the Philippines vulnerable to climate change.
  • Scenario analysis using IFPRI's IMPACT model.
  • Improving efficiency of seed systems to accelerate adoption of climate-resilient crops.
  • Facilitate the signing of multi-country seed sharing agreement for roots and tubers.

Expected outcomes

  • Improve the preparedness of these countries to advice farmers in high risk zones to diversify away from paddy to more climate resilient crops such as corn, legumes, roots and tubers in a timely manner could save livelihood of millions of small poor farmers.
  • Policy reforms to accelerate crop diversification in high risk zones of Vietnam and the Philippines
  • Crop diversification minimizes crop loss due to extreme events and raises farmers’ income by 20%.
  • Greater nutrition security because of production and consumption of non-rice crops.
  • Increased sustainability of rice based system.

Gender and youth

In Southeast Asia, women are predominantly involved in crop establishment, weeding, harvesting and post-harvest activities whereas men take a lead role in land preparation and pesticide and fertilizer application. Using focus group discussions and key informants interviews in the study sites in Vietnam and the Philippines, the research will look in the role of men and women along the supply chain and identify constraints faced by women.

Partners

  • International Potato Center (CIP)
  • International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
  • Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD)
  • National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA)

More information

For further information, please contact Sam Mohanty, International Potato Center, s.mohanty@cgiar.org.