GHG mitigation in rice: From evidence-based concepts to adoption at scale

Project Description

The new phase of CCAFS Low-Emission Development (LED) Flagship is broadening the portfolio of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) Technologies and Practices (T&Ps) that had previously had a strong focus on alternate wetting and drying (AWD) practices of irrigated rice. Other T&Ps offer promising entry points for mitigation, e.g. low-emissions straw management to avoid burning, limiting straw incorporation, efficiency gains, and avoiding losses through mechanization.

The project's focus is on options for enhancing the uptake of LED T&Ps in rice through new technical innovations. A standardizing measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV) prototype for rice emissions and mitigation is planned to be developed by building on existing approaches and integrating a specific calculator tool just for rice. A feasible MRV system is needed for both allowing for investments through public and private projects but also as a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) tool for nationally determined contribution (NDC) implementation. 


The design of the project has been informed by gender studies conducted in Vietnam by the CCAFS project 'No Regrets' which found that ED options can address needs and capacities of both men and women working in rice-based systems. This project introduces technical innovations on mitigation and corresponding economic incentives to rice farming communities to improve farming systems and livelihood opportunities, and contribute to climate mitigation.


This effort builds on the 'No Regrets' project, which ended in 2018.

  • An MRV prototype for rice emissions and mitigation. 


This project is led by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), and in collaboration with:

  • Cuu Long Delta Rice Research Institute (CLRRI)
  • Institute for Agricultural Environment, Vietnam (IAE)
  • Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD)
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam (MARD)
  • National Agricultural Extension Center, Vietnam (NAEC)

Further Information

For more information, please contact project leader Bjoern Ole Sander, IRRI (