Rural outmigration – feminization – agricultural production nexus: Case of Vietnam

This study unravels the implications of outmigration for farm labour availability, managerial feminization, women’s agency, and farm production. Findings suggest that migration contributes to increased off-farm income, with higher income from international migration. While men’s labour contribution declines in migrant households, women’s labour increases in the majority of production stages. Women’s salaried work declines while their unpaid work increases. Both farm labour and management are feminized. Through two-stage least squares, results indicate a negative association between increased women’s work burden and rice yield. Farm inputs and hiring labour contribute to higher yield, but remittances are not generally used for this purpose. This paper provides insights on agricultural feminization as a result of migration and underscores its nexus to farm production.
Journal article

Publié en



  • Bacud, Eva Salve
  • Puskur, Ranjitha
  • Duyen, Tran Nhat Lam
  • Sander, Bjoern Ole
  • Luis, Joyce


Citation correcte

Bacud ES, Puskur R, Duyen TNL, Sander BO, Luis J. 2019. Rural outmigration – feminization – agricultural production nexus: Case of Vietnam. Migration and Development.