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Feeding research findings into climate-change policy

Researchers from the CCAFS program engage with African policy makers
Photo: CCAFS East Africa team

Around the world, CCAFS and its partners work to ensure that policy makers do not overlook key issues related to agriculture and food security in high-level climate-change negotiations. Scientists provide policy makers with critical research findings and explain how their research findings relate to policies on climate change.

One of the biggest threats facing African farmers is a change in climate. However, negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have so far largely excluded agriculture. The CCAFS East Africa regional programme and its partners are providing research and evidence to underpin policy, and are pushing for national and international climate-change talks to fully integrate agriculture.

In February 2013, agricultural scientists and other experts met in Arusha, Tanzania to review progress on agricultural negotiations under the UNFCCC. The meeting led to recognition that there was a critical need to provide sound evidence to support a common African position. A multidisciplinary team of African experts in agriculture and climate change met again in May and agreed a conceptual framework for a technical paper on the situation in Africa. They assigned roles and responsibilities, and developed a road map for Africa to take a leading role in negotiations. Given the central importance of agriculture to Africa’s economy, society and future an evidence-based common African position on climate change is crucial.

“[We must focus on] the critical impact of agriculture as it contributes to our sustainable development in Africa, the adverse impacts of climate change on agriculture in the country, technology transfer, appropriate breeds, how to support farmers address the impacts of climate change affecting our production and the entire value chain and the livelihood connection.” Chebet Maikut, Principal Programme Officer, Mitigation Climate Change Unit, Uganda

CCAFS also led an assessment of the status of National Adaptation Plans of Action (NAPAs) in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda, and the National Adaptation Plan in Kenya. These assessments track progress, and spot challenges and possible opportunities.