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ProjectScaling up and out climate-smart agriculture technologies, practices and services across South AsiaParticipatory evaluation of Climate-Smart Village models in South Asia

Climate-smart villages give local farmers a chance to take control of their future in the face of a changing climate. Photo: L.Sebastian (IRRI-CCAFS)
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Project description

This project helps to bridge existing knowledge gaps and help the CCAFS Flagships to scale out the climate-smart village (CSV) program in South Asia. Major objectives are:

  • to carry out bio-physical, socio-economic and institutional analysis of different climate-smart village model to assess their impacts across the different agro-ecological zones of the region.
  • to explore the wider enabling environment for scaling out climate-smart agriculture through the climate-smart village model at the national and sub-national levels.

Project activities include:

  • Building evidence for different climate-smart village models using literature reviews, the testing and evaluation of climate-smart technologies and practices in farmers’ fields, simulation modelling, and socio-economic surveys in different agro-ecological zones.
  • Development and evaluation of institutional models of climate-smart villages in collaboration with key stakeholders (e.g government, farmers ‘organizations, NGO/INGOs, private industries).
  • Identification of socio-economic and institutional barriers for adopting climate-smart portfolios and the development of strategies to overcome such barriers in different agro-ecological zones and political units.


This project bridges existing knowledge gaps and it supports the CCAFS Research Flagships to develop national or subnational CSA initiatives informed by CCAFS science leading to at least 50,000 to 10 million beneficiaries.

By building sound local and regional evidence of the impacts of climate-smart villages in different agro-ecological zones, this project enables governments, the private sector and farmers’ organizations to make rational decisions that promote and support the sustainable and climate-smart development of agriculture in the region.

CCAFS South Asia has worked with local and national partners and policymakers to assist farmers in reducing or eliminating the growing impact of changing climate through different approaches. The project has focused on equipping farmers to use climate-smart scientific interventions and innovations, use climate information for cropping decisions, diversify livelihoods, link to markets and make agriculture profitable, rehabilitate and restore their environment and influence policymakers at different levels. Various portfolios of CSA options have been tested and evaluated under different approaches of CSVs:

  • A community-based integrated technology transfer approach of CSV in Nepal and Bangladesh has helped farmers to test, evaluate and adopt various CSA technologies in their farms.
  • CCAFS South Asia has developed a strong partnership with Ministry of Agricultural Development in Nepal. Recognizing the importance of tackling climate change and its impact on agriculture, the Government of Nepal has started to implement CSV approach as part of efforts to adapt to changing climate in Nepal.
  • Watershed Management and Climate/Crop Modelling Approaches of CSVs have focused on rehabilitating agroecosystems and deploys a pool of CSA technologies and crop advisories which have helped in increasing crop yields and incomes of farmers. This CSV approach is being scaled out in the Telangana in collaboration with Telangana State Government.
  • Similarly, Solar Pump Irrigator's Cooperative Enterprise (SPICE) model of Water-Energy-Food Security management integrating with various CSA options has been tested and evaluated in Gujarat and Bihar States of India. Members of this cooperative are using solar power not only to run their irrigation pumps, but also pooling the surplus energy to sell to the electricity company. This model has been recognized by the State Government of Gujarat and plans to scaling out in the State from 2017.


  • Identifying and building evidence of the key benefits of different CSV models, including economic (yield, income, employment), social (gender role and group cohesion) and environmental (water efficiency, carbon sequestration and nutrient efficiency) benefits.
  • An innovative product (to be co-branded) for the holistic development of CSVs that can be used as a role model by others.
  • Business and institutional models for public-private partnerships including financing and resource leveraging mechanisms for the implementation of CSV models.
  • Knowledge products such as policy briefs, videos on highly promising CSA practices, CSV implementation guidelines.



Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Agriculture Universities, Cereal System Initiative for South Asia (CSISA); Borlaug Institute of South Asia (BISA), Farmers Groups; Local Government; the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), the International Food and Policy Research Instittue (IFPRI), Bioversity, and the International Water Managament Instittue (IWMI).


Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Ministry of Agriculture, District Agriculture Offices, Village Development Committees, LI-BIRD, Practical Action Consulting (PAC), women and farmers Groups, the private sector, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), the International Food and Policy Research Instittue (IFPRI), Bioversity, and the International Water Managament Instittue (IWMI)


WorldFish, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), the International Food and Policy Research Instittue (IFPRI), and the International Water Managament Instittue (IWMI) and Farmer Groups


The project explores major gaps in our understanding of the relationship between gender and climate change in the region. Gender-responsive portfolios of climate-smart interventions help to prioritize gender capacity building activities, including strengthening climate risk management. Mainstreaming is addressed by targeting local level women institutions, such as women farmers group.

Further Information

For further information, please contact the Project Leader, Arun Khatri-Chhetri (CIMMYT) at