This review has been undertaken in the context of preparation of a concept note for the Kenya dairy NAMA. Biogas promotion is one of the project components. Mitigation actions should aim to achieve greater, more effective, sustainable, and equitable climate change results, outcomes and impacts; ensure that women and men have equal opportunity to contribute to, and benefit from supported activities; and mitigate against potential project risks for women and men arising from the supported activities. In order to ensure that the Kenya dairy NAMA is designed to address these objectives, with support from CCAFS, a process of inquiry has been launched involving stakeholders in the dairy and biogas sectors. This review contributes to that process by summarizing existing knowledge on gender issues in biogas promotion and use, and existing experience with addressing gender issues in biogas promotion initiatives. The focus is on household (domestic) biogas.