Impact through policies and partnerships

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OECD uses IMPACT model for climate-smart agriculture strategies

Low Emissions Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has a mission to promote policies that improve economic and social well-being around the world. In 2014 the OECD used a model developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) as part of a project supported by CCAFS to create sophisticated projections of agricultural commodities and trade.

OECD uses IMPACT model for climate-smart agriculture strategies

State-of-the-art modelling helps scientists develop adaptation strategies for agricultural commodities. Source: IMPACT hydrological model simulation (2013)

The International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT) models the interactions between global food supply and trends in demand, trade, income and population growth, and water basin management. Using IMPACT, researchers have estimated the amount of investment necessary to develop new varieties of wheat and maize and improve irrigation technologies in OECD member countries. As very few estimates of adaptation costs had been produced prior to this work, it represents a valuable step forward.

IMPACT simulations indicate that, by 2050, the prices of agricultural commodities will be higher than current levels. Annual adaptation costs, specifically for agricultural research and development and improved irrigation technology, could amount to USD 20 billion for OECD countries.

Researchers trained OECD staff to use IMPACT. Staff from the two organizations also conducted joint analysis, using the OECD’s own data, and worked together on publications exploring the effects of climate change and adaptation on agriculture, such as a report analysing the effects of expanding irrigation in the OECD region.

“Combining the expertise of IFPRI and the OECD has resulted in state-of-the-art modelling and contributed to highly relevant policy analysis.” Ada Ignaciuk, OECD

Based on the success of the collaboration in 2014, the OECD is planning further work with IFPRI in 2015—benefitting the development of climate-smart agriculture in OECD member countries

The research  was done in collaboration with the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) under the Global Futures and Strategic Foresight project, which is co-supported by PIM, CCAFS and the Bill and Melida Gates Foundation.

Using IMPACT, researchers have estimated the amount of investment necessary to develop new varieties of wheat and maize and improve irrigation technologies in OECD member countries.

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