Impacts through policies and partnerships

K. Zaw (Bioversity International)
Outcomes & Impacts

Informing national science and food security strategies in Ghana and Myanmar

West Africa
Southeast Asia
Priorities and Policies for CSA

Many countries have expressed interest in the concept, approach and procedures are relatively new, making it difficult to know where to start. CCAFS is working with governments to help them to take action. In 2015, CCAFS convened panels of experts in both Ghana and Myanmar to collaborate on developing climate-smart strategies and pathways to reach their country’s agriculture goals.

A. Ademiluyi

CCAFS science, such as information-gathering techniques and sophisticated data analysis, was used by the Ghana science-policy dialogue platform and the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA) to design and implement the National Climate-Smart Agriculture and Food Security Action Plan for Ghana (2016–2020). The action plan is a basis for on-the-ground implementation of climate-smart agriculture in Ghana’s agro-ecological zones. CCAFS and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) supported an inclusive and participatory approach to formulating the framework that will be essential to put the 8 programme areas of the plan into action.

The 8 areas of the agriculture and food security sector

  1. Develop institutional capacity for research and development
  2. Develop and promote climate-resilient cropping systems
  3. Adapt livestock production systems
  4. Support climate adaptation in fisheries and aquaculture
  5. Support water conservation and irrigation systems
  6. Risk transfer and alternative livelihood systems
  7. Improve post-harvest management
  8. Improve marketing systems

CCAFS also worked closely with the Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI), where the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), together with other research partners, helped to design what became Myanmar's climate-smart agriculture strategy. This strategy will serve as the roadmap for Myanmar’s future climate-smart agriculture planning.

“Without the Myanmar Climate Smart Agriculture Strategy, Myanmar's agriculture sector will not sustain its crop production in the context of climate change.” Dr Myo Kywe, Rector of Yezin Agriculture University

In both countries, the major output of this collaboration with CCAFS was a framework for implementing climate-smart agriculture. Each country has specific national and regional plans, underpinned by strong climate science. Working within relevant ministries and research institutes in each country, implementation programmes can now be put in place. In Myanmar, pilot Climate-Smart Villages are already being selected.

Both countries used an inclusive, participatory approach to arrive at their strategies, thereby ensuring more buy-in at both the community and national policy level.