Impacts through policies and partnerships

N. Palmer (CIAT)

Institutionalising the development of low emissions agriculture

Low Emissions Development

The CCAFS flagship programme on low emissions agriculture identifies agricultural development options that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration, without undermining food security. Over the past 3 years, the programme has conducted and published research to help countries identify low emissions agricultural strategies and priorities for mitigation, with the objective of assisting policymakers in prioritizing their low emissions development (LED).

In 2015, CCAFS continued to work to improve estimates of emissions on smallholder farms, and supported the widespread implementation of low emissions agricultural practices and policies. Projects with a variety of partners such as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) examined the level of mitigation effort required from either developing countries or smallholder farms to stay within desired climate change thresholds. Other research looked at what effect the adoption of bioenergy would have on food prices and land-use change.

These analyses and communications have been informing the World Bank and IFAD about good opportunities in LED. As part of its own work on climate change in the developing world, the World Bank commissioned a background paper: ‘Climate change impacts and mitigation in the developing world’.

P. Vishwanathan (CCAFS)

CCAFS research on scenarios for achievable LED solutions, in collaboration with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), provided a basis for the Bank’s assessment of the impact of mitigation policies on food prices and food security.

“Smart investments in smallholder adaptation can deliver mitigation co-benefits […] of up to 30 million tons of CO2e via emission reductions and carbon sequestration resulting from project implementation” Mitigation advantage report (IFAD 2015)

IFAD also found the CCAFS analysis useful in identifying significant opportunities for increasing the mitigation benefits of its Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP). IFAD published a report in 2015 citing the CCAFS-FAO project report stating that “the study has enabled IFAD to realize that investing in a few effective upgrading options could allow its projects to more than double initial mitigation benefits."