Impacts through policies and partnerships

S. Kilungu (CCAFS)
Outcomes & Impacts

Strengthening the national plans that will deliver the Paris Climate Agreement

East Africa
Latin America
Priorities and Policies for CSA

The Paris Climate Agreement requires countries to publicly outline what post-2020 climate actions they intend to take. These are known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). In collaboration with CCAFS, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Costa Rica and Colombia have produced INDCs with strong climate-smart agriculture components.

Well-designed INDCs will allow each country to combat climate change and limit future climate risk. They will also determine whether the world can actually achieve the 2015 Agreement.

UGA Communications

CCAFS has been collaborating with a number of countries in this process. Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania developed Climate-Smart Agriculture Framework Programmes (CSA-FPs), with the technical support of CCAFS East Africa and a number of other research partners. CSA-FPs guide investments in climate-resilient and low-carbon agriculture. Kenya’s INDC, for example, seeks to reduce the country’s greenhouse gas emissions by 30% by 2030. Once finalized, the Framework Programmes were integrated into the national INDCs that were submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015.

In a broader contribution, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) led the process of developing ‘targetCSA’, a tool for prioritizing CSA practices at the county level. This tool allows valuable insights to be made in policy and planning decisions and contributes to the development of CSA-FPs.

Meanwhile, in Colombia, national experts and decision makers in climate change used a scenario-guided approach from CCAFS to develop its INDC. Coming together in a workshop, participants revised current emissions strategies, then created a set of future strategies for different emissions-reduction scenarios up to 2030.

The scenario approach also guided the development of Costa Rica’s INDC. Costa Rica’s team from the Ministry of Environment and Energy used the CCAFS methodology to start a dialogue among national experts and then define appropriate mitigation measures. This led to the creation of a long-term national vision on emissions reduction in the sectors of agriculture, transport, forests, electric energy and waste. Such discussion was invaluable in completing the INDC in time for submission to the UNFCCC.

“The scenarios workshop showed that we could have a fruitful and productive discussion about how to reduce emissions.” Franklin Panigua, consultant to the Ministry of Environment and Energy, Costa Rica