Integrating gender and harnessing local knowledge

J. L. Urrea (CCAFS)

Women key to reducing emissions from cattle farming

Latin America
Low Emissions Development
Gender and Social Inclusion

Women play a crucial role in livestock production throughout Latin America. This means that any efforts to address climate change in the region’s livestock sector must involve both men and women. To help governments incorporate gender perspectives into their policies and programmes, in 2015, CCAFS, the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and other partners analysed climate change mitigation opportunities for men and women livestock producers.

N. Palmer (CIAT)

Summarized in a policy brief, the analysis focuses on silvopastoral systems that incorporate trees with pasture, thus mitigating the climate change impacts caused by methane gas released from ruminant livestock, such as cattle. It includes a series of policy recommendations for governments in Latin America. Of these governments, those in Colombia and Costa Rica are working most closely with the partnership led by CCAFS and CIAT.

“Both men and women in Latin American countries contribute significantly to beef and dairy value chains… However, women’s work tends to be disregarded because it takes place simultaneously with home care and is usually non-paid.” Gumucio T et al. 2015

The policy brief is part of a wider process to integrate gender perspectives into the activities and outcomes of the CIAT Livestock Plus programme. In particular, it is related to CCAFS and CIAT’s work with government bodies in Colombia and Costa Rica to develop Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for the cattle sector.

Promoting silvopastoral systems is a strategic priority in Colombia’s NAMA. And in Costa Rica, the government is promoting similar technologies such as ‘living fences’. The CCAFS-CIAT brief aims to ensure that these NAMAs are based on a good understanding of both women’s and men’s roles in cattle production and are effective in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and supporting sustainable development.