Impact through policies and partnerships

J. Recha (CCAFS)
Outcomes & Impacts

CCAFS research helps shape US$350M investment in climate-smart agriculture in Niger and Kenya

East Africa
West Africa
Climate-Smart Technologies and Practices

Climate change is affecting the food security situation across Africa, as well as millions of Africans who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Many countries are extremely vulnerable to increasing temperatures, variable rainfall and droughts, as virtually all agriculture is rain-fed.

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is proposed as a solution to help transform agricultural systems in order to promote food security under the new reality of climate change. Acting from farm to landscape scales and from local to global levels, the CSA approach is a combination of practices, technologies, services, processes and institutional arrangements that sustainably increase productivity, support farmers’ adaptation to climate change, and where possible, reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

CCAFS works closely with partners around the world to help shape and scale up CSA investments. In addition to trialing CSA interventions in learning sites, called Climate-smart Villages (CSVs), it has employed CSA Country Profiles and a Prioritization Framework (developed by CIAT) to assess country priorities. Both the CSV approach and the country profiles give special attention to gender-specific constraints, needs and options.

Climate Smart Agriculture Prioritization Framework

The World Bank, a key CCAFS partner in many countries, is planning major investments in CSA, and has based the design of its recent US$350 million projects in Niger and Kenya on CCAFS’ science.

The World Bank office in Niger used the knowledge generated by CCAFS’ agricultural research in the CSV model of Kampa Zarma to inform the design of its 7-year US$111 million project. The Niger CSA project, which is the first World Bank project in Africa designed specifically to deliver CSA, is aligned with the Government’s ‘Nigeriens Nourish Nigeriens’ (3N) Initiative. The objective is to increase agricultural productivity and enhance drought resilience of agro-pastoral systems in 60 targeted communities around the country, benefiting 500,000 farmers and agro-pastoralists in 44 communes.

“As the first World Bank project designed to deliver on climate-smart agriculture in Africa this project will not only pave the way for resilient growth of the agricultural sector in Niger, it will also shape future climate-smart agriculture projects across the region,” Paul Noumba Um, World Bank Country Director for Mali, Niger, Central African Republic and Chad said.

Similarly, in Kenya, CIAT-CCAFS developed a national CSA profile for the World Bank and the Government, which contributed to the design of the US$ 250 million Kenya Climate-Smart Agriculture Project (KCSAP). The objective of this project is to increase agricultural productivity and build resilience to climate change in targeted smallholder farming and pastoral communities. CIAT also developed a set of county-level Climate Risk Profiles to help implement the KCSAP at county level.


  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
  • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
  • World Bank
  • Kenya: Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO). Kenya Agricultural Productivity Project (KAPP), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries of Kenya
  • Niger: Ministry of Agriculture National Agricultural Research Institute (INRAN), Nigeriens Nourish Nigeriens (3N)

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