Capacity development and innovative communication

A. Nyandwi/MINAGRI Rwanda

Innovative “maprooms” support climate risk management in Africa

East Africa
West Africa
Climate Services and Safety Nets

Almost 80% of all agricultural production is rainfed, more so in the developing world, where smallholder farmers are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of weather fluctuations and climate extremes. CCAFS has found that farmers need effective climate information and advisory services to help them adapt to climate change and manage climate-related risks. However, good climate information and services depend on the quality of data available, which is often very limited, particularly in Africa.

CCAFS is working with International Research Institute for Climate and Society’s (IRI's) Enhancing National Climate Services (ENACTS) initiative and with other partners to enable African national meteorological services and regional climate centers to strengthen and scale-up such services for agriculture by improving quality, accessibility and availability of climate data tools for decision-making.

“Farmers are very enthusiastic to attend trainings because they are getting the information that can help them find solutions to their crop losses related to extreme weather events,” explained J. D’Amour Nzabandeba, a farmer promoter from Ngororero district, Rwanda during a monitoring and evaluation visit.

CCAFS is working with IRI and the IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) to support national meteorological services in several African countries in East Africa, and the Agriculture, Hydrology, and Meteorology (AGRHYMET) Regional Center in West Africa to overcome data gaps and provide high quality climate information.

In 2016, CCAFS helped support development and use of the ENACTS approach to create graphical climate information and seasonal forecast products regionally and for countries. Already in action in projects in Ghana, Mali, and Rwanda, these online “maprooms” provide the information that African countries need to provide actionable climate information to rural communities and support both large scale and farmer-level decision-making. CCAFS is also currently helping train staff to use the maprooms effectively. CCAFS also leveraged two projects (WISER-ENACTS and WISER-SCIPEA) within the DFID-funded Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER) program.

Maprooms, such as this one operated by the Rwanda national meteorological agency, provide local climate information and analyses at any location within the country.

These projects have strong synergies with the two USAID-funded projects – Climate Services for Africa and Rwanda Climate Services for Agriculture – which aim to build capacity for climate services in Rwanda and throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Partners

  • International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), Columbia University
  • IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC)
  • Agriculture, Hydrology, and Meteorology (AGRHYMET) Regional Center
  • United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID)
  • United Kingdom Met Office
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
  • National meteorological services in several sub-Saharan Africa countries