The current CCAFS SEA portfolio already involves the implementation and assessment of various Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices in the different Climate-Smart Villages (CSVs). There are, however, areas that are not covered by the portfolio and emerging CSA innovations that provide future option in coping with climate change.
The project engages CG centers and non-CG organizations in assessing and evaluating CSA practices and technologies in the areas of new innovative technologies and practices for farmers, decision support tools for policy makers, and innovative communication and extension approaches. This provides options that can be integrated in the CSVs and for up scaling by national programs.
Upscaling scenario shows that after five years of project implementation (2019), the national agricultural ministries in the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar are convinced about the viability and workability of the CSV concept. The national agricultural ministries are already fully investing financially and institutionally in expanding the scope of initial CCAFS SEA funded and leveraged projects. These expansion programs are supported and implemented through broad based partnerships with farmer organizations and private business development suppliers at the sub-national level.
Part and parcel of any upscaling effort, the project will identify ways by which to improve the approach including the assessment of locally appropriate CSA technologies, products, and procedures that may be integrated into the CSVs. Climate smart dry land crops, climate smart aquaculture, producing and applying biochar, and diversification of agricultural products and income sources are among the innovations that have been assessed by the CSV. Other CSA options are being assessed in the CSVs complementing the options in the different Flagship projects or promoted for up scaling in target countries.
The expansion program includes the use of locally appropriate CSA technologies and recommended practices that may be integrated into the CSVs. It also includes the used of decisions support systems (DSS) to implement CSA that will enable national ministries to plan national programs using empirical data and tools, and the capacity to produce and deliver them to stakeholders.
One DSS would determine and map aquaculture production systems for the Mekong River Delta taking into consideration the changing hydrological and environmental conditions induced by climate change and sea-level rise; official plans and strategies for water resources management; projected economic and market outlook for aquaculture and anticipated technological advancements; and economic development trajectories and demographic shifts.
A second DSS under the project would assess the impacts of sea level rise on food security using state-of-the-art technologies such as LIDAR and simulation modeling to assess potential impacts of storm urge and future sea level rise.
Another activity will test the efficacy of using innovative communication and extension approaches such as Pest Smart (PS) and Infomediary. PS features community-based, climate smart agricultural practices to manage pests and diseases, reduce losses, enrich biodiversity, restore ecosystem functions and health to forge resistance to climate change. Infomediary, on the other hand, fine tunes a knowledge sharing model that mobilizes the youth in changing farmer behavior to improved rice farming practices. Improved farming practices learned from teachers are passed on by students to their parents and other farmers in the community. This model aims to help enhance the adaptive capacity of rice farmers to climate change.
- CSA prioritization tool to be used by local partners at sub-national level to analyze and determine the most feasible CSA practices that can be applied in the CSVs
- Capacity building activities that will promote CCAFS SEA initiatives and serve as “marketplace” for partnerships with national ministries and other stakeholders (e.g. CGIAR-MARD coordination meetings in Vietnam, CGIAR-MAF coordination meeting in Laos)
- Assessment of potential CSA options for future agriculture production in the Mekong River Delta, South Central Coast and Central Highlands regions of Vietnam
- Decision support systems for implementing CSA in national programs and tools for CSA prioritization
- Information campaigns that would test the efficacy of communication and extension approaches such as the radio and Infomediary
- Social media outputs (i.e. websites, blogs, wikis, Linkedin group, Facebook, Yammer, newsletters, etc.) that aim to increase awareness of CCAFS SEA initiatives
Under the coordination and management of SEA regional program leader, case studies will be conducted by the Institute for Agricultural Environment, WorldFish, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, and the World Agroforestry Centre.
The Philippine Rice Research Institute and CABI International will test the efficacy of innovative communication and extension models particularly through their Infomediary Campaign and Pest Smart project, respectively.
For further information, please contact Project Leader, Leocadio Sebastian (IRRI) email@example.com.