Sustainable intensification of dairy production in Indonesia

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Project description

Reducing emissions intensities from livestock is an opportunity - and necessity - given sectoral trends of increasing per capita meat and dairy consumption in developing countries, where the poptulation is growing. In Indonesia, dairy production is challenged by low productivity and high impact on the environment due to poor manure management, poor feeding, poor reproduction and animal health problems. To confront these challenges, the Sustainable Intensification of Dairy Production Indonesia (SIDPI) project aims to increase productivity of smallholder dairy farms in West Java, while improving food security and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The project is developing and implementing improved strategies for manure, feeding, and animal health and management.

SIDPI tailors new knowledge and solutions to smallholder dairy farmers in West-Java to:

  • sustainably increase farm productivity
  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • improve resource use efficiency
  • improve farmers' incomes and livelihoods in the long term.

Project activities include i) design and implementation of pilot studies on improved manure, feeding and animal health management; ii) scientific research on ecological, economic and social sustainability of current and improved practices; and iii) upscaling and dissemination of results via trainings, demonstrations, focus group discussions, media, etc. The role of women in dairy farming has been monitored in the project starting from the baseline survey and will continue throughout. SIDPI intends to ensure that women farmers’ incomes and livelihoods improve at least on part with improvements shown by men farmers.


Andeweg K, de Vries M, Al-Zahra W, Vellinga T. 2016. Reducing environmental impact and nuisance at landless dairy farmingsystems in Indonesia: example of improving manure management. Abstract Book, World Dairy Summit, p53.

In 2016, SIDPI completed collection of data, a stakeholder (farmers, private sector, policy makers) workshop on manure management with social media outreach, and a farmer focus group discussion. Consensus was reached with project partners and local stakeholders about locally suitable strategies for simultaneously improving productivity, income, resource use efficiency, and reducing GHG emission intensities, and research was begun for estimating effects of these strategies on productivity, income, resource use efficiency, and GHG emissions. 

In 2017, testing, discussions, and training around best management practices will continue, and a business case for manure management for smallholder dairy farmers will be developed, amongst other research and development activities.


SIDPI is led by Wageningen University & Research, in collaboration with Bogor Agriculture University-Indonesia, and is co-funded by CCAFS and the Dutch government.

Further information

For more information, please contact project leader Marion de Vries (WUR) at