Synthesis and support to climate-smart agriculture evidence building and scaling

Project description

To adress the challenge of transitioning to climate-smart agriculture (CSA) at scale, this leadership project hosts the global and strategic coordination of 13 center and/or partners’ led projects where the best and most promising methods, tools and approaches are integrated and applied, in order to develop equitable local adaptation planning and innovative incentives mechanisms for scaling up.

Working across a range of spatial and temporal timescales, these collaborative projects focus on testing, evaluating, promoting and scaling up CSA technologies, practices and institutional approaches that meet famers’ needs.

In this research, projection-based frameworks, models and global and regional scale analyses are used to enable the integration of multidisciplinary knowledge for evaluating CSA, facilitate adaptation planning and decision making. Specific activities will be designed to fill in key portfolio gaps, exploring novel financial instruments/business models for promoting CSA, strengthening science carried out in the Climate-Smart Villages and synthesizing emerging findings.

Some key research questions include:

  • When are cropping system transformations expected during the 21st century for sub-Saharan Africa?
  • What options will farmers have and which of these are best? Which might be the trade-offs and synergies?
  • What are current and future risks facing farmer households in sub-Saharan Africa and what types of farm management strategies or CSA practices can help manage these risks?

Research activities

  • Exploring opportunities for innovative finance mechanisms for CSA incentivization with the World Bank. This activity will:
  1. identify and promote opportunities for CCAFS to use its research and engage further with the World Bank and CSA stakeholders, and provide technical advice on finance and business models to scale up CSA in CCAFS operations.
  2. provide technical support to continue strategic dialogue on Making Climate Finance Work in Agriculture to support CSA scale up globally, and in the context of both World Bank and CCAFS operations.
  3. provide technical support to CSA team and WB to develop CSA Investment Plans.
  • CSV Monitoring and Evaluation Plan. This work will entail the development, piloting and follow up of a Minimum Monitoring and Evaluation system to be implemented across all the Climate-Smart Villages (CSVs).
  • CSV science and synthesis: As part of this activity, new knowledge and data will inform decision-makers, major agencies and NGOs.



This research will develop a gender modile and include it in the Minimum Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) plan for CSVs. Moreover, an ex-ante methodology will be developed to look at gender issues through community lenses to inform more context-specific and tailred CSA interventions.


Partners include the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), University of Leeds, National University of Ireland (NUI-Galway), the World Bank and Wageningen University & Research (WUR).

Further information

For further information, please contact the project leader Andy Jarvis (CIAT) at