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Upscaling promising livestock options for greenhouse gas emissions in Asia

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Project description

Reducing emissions intensities from livestock is an opportunity  and necessity  given sectoral trends of increasing per capita meat and dairy consumption in developing countries, where the population is growing.

This project consists of four work packages that test and scale low-emission development (LED) options in Asian dairy production systems:

1. Upscaling LED options in small-scale dairy farms in Indonesia (SIDPI; 2016-2019)
2. Testing and upscaling LED options in large-scale dairy farms in China (2019-2021)
3. Fungi treatment for lignin degradation of low-quality biomass (2019-2021)
4. Closing Regional Nutrient Cycles for low-emission agriculture (2018-2021)

LED options are focussed on improved feeding, fodder production, and manure management at the farm level and regional level. Strategies developed in this project contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, mainly through improved resource use efficiency and contributions to the circular economy. LED options focussed on improved feeding and fodder production can increase farm productivity and income, and improve farmer livelihoods.


  • Testing of (novel) LED options through field research in practical dairy farms
  • Assessing ecological and economic sustainability of current and improved practices
  • Evaluating the feasibility of upscaling in technical demonstrations and business case analyses
  • Hosting stakeholder activities to identify, engage, and guide end users. 

Sustainable Intensification of Dairy Production in Indonesia (SIDPI)

In Indonesia, dairy production is challenged by low productivity and high impact on the environment due to poor manure management, poor feeding, poor reproduction and animal health problems. To confront these challenges, the SIDPI project aims to increase the productivity of smallholder dairy farms in West Java, while improving food security and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The project is developing and implementing improved strategies for manure, feeding, and animal health and management.

SIDPI tailors new knowledge and solutions to smallholder dairy farmers in West-Java to (i) sustainably increase farm productivity, (ii) reduce greenhouse gas emissions, (iii) improve resource use efficiency, and (iv) improve farmers' incomes and livelihoods in the long term.

Project activities include:

  • design and implementation of pilot studies on improved manure, feeding and animal health management;
  • scientific research on ecological, economic and social sustainability of current and improved practices;
  • upscaling and dissemination of results via trainings, demonstrations, focus group discussions, media, etc.

Expected outcomes

In terms of emerging outcomes, the dairy cooperative KPSBU in Lembang (4k farmers) has started to monitor discharging of cattle manure and is expected to start a revolving fund for manure management investments in 2019 with support of the SIDPI project. If possible, the National Government (MoA) and the provincial government of West Java will be advised on solutions for dairy waste management, as well as dairy cooperatives in Java (190k dairy farmers). This initiative will be linked to the Indonesian Citarum Harum Program (a program to clean the Citarum river in West Java, which is supported by IMF and ADB).

Gender and youth

Participation of youth and women is stimulated in project activities, i.e. young/female-headed pilot farms, young/female researchers, and participation of youth and women in trainings, focus groups, and demonstrations. Potential benefits of LED options to youth and women will be evaluated in field research in China.

The role of women in dairy farming has been monitored in the project starting from the baseline survey and will continue throughout. SIDPI intends to ensure that women farmers’ incomes and livelihoods improve at least on part with improvements shown by men farmers.


  • Wageningen University & Research (WUR)
  • IPB Agricultural University of Bogor (IPB)
  • Frisian Flag Indonesia (FFI)
  • KPSBU Jabar (KPSBU)
  • Trouw Nutrition Indonesia (TN)

More Information

For more information, please contact project leader Jelle Zijlstra (