GHG mitigation in rice: From evidence-based concepts to adoption at scale

Photo: World Fish

Project description

This project focuses on options for enhancing the uptake of low emissions development technologies and practices in rice through new technical innovations, including, besides alternate wetting and drying, low-emissions straw management to avoid burning, limiting straw incorporation, efficiency gains, and avoiding losses through mechanization. A standardizing measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV) prototype for rice emissions and mitigation is planned to be developed by building on existing approaches and integrating a specific calculator tool just for rice. A feasible MRV system is needed for both allowing for investments through public and private projects but also as a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) tool for nationally determined contribution (NDC) implementation.

Expected outcomes

  • IRRI will co-develop two programs targeting 200,000 ha with low-emissions interventions and aims at reducing emissions in Vietnam by 300,000 t CO2-eq per year by 2025.
  • Update Vietnam's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as well es developing an implementation plan for the rice sector.


The design of the project has been informed by gender studies conducted in Vietnam by the CCAFS project 'No Regrets' which found that ED options can address needs and capacities of both men and women working in rice-based systems. This project introduces technical innovations on mitigation and corresponding economic incentives to rice farming communities to improve farming systems and livelihood opportunities, and contribute to climate mitigation.

More information

For more information, please contact project leader Bjoern Ole Sander, IRRI (