Climate-Smart Agriculture in Rwanda

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The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals
under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation,
and mitigation [1]. The priorities of different countries
and stakeholders are reflected to achieve more efficient,
effective, and equitable food systems that address challenges
in environmental, social, and economic dimensions across
productive landscapes. While the concept is new, and still
evolving, many of the practices that make up CSA already
exist worldwide and are used by farmers to cope with various
production risks [2]. Mainstreaming CSA requires critical
stocktaking of ongoing and promising practices for the future,
and of institutional and financial enablers for CSA adoption.
This country profile provides a snapshot of a developing
baseline created to initiate discussion, both within countries
and globally, about entry points for investing in CSA at scale.


World Bank; CIAT. 2015. Climate-Smart Agriculture in Rwanda. CSA Country Profiles for Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean Series. Washington D.C.: The world Bank Group.


  • World Bank
  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture