Increasing food security and farming system resilience in East Africa through wide-scale adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices

Bean processors in Uganda. Photo: Georgina Smith (CIAT)

Project description

Scaling innovations so hundreds of thousands of people benefit is one of the most important contributions that agricultural research for development provides. It is also one of the most challenging.

The overall project goal is to improve food security and farming system resilience of smallholder mixed crop-livestock farmers in East Africa while mitigating climate change through wide-scale adoption of climate-smart agriculture (CSA). The project integrates interdisciplinary approaches, including participatory research, integrating a meta-analysis of CSA practices, real-time land and soil health assessments, crop suitability modelling, socio-economic appraisals and multi-dimensional trade-off analyses, as well as on-farm participatory evaluations of CSA to identify, test, implement, and outscale locally appropriate CSA practices.


Briefs: 9 lessons for spreading successful climate-smart agriculture innovations

This brief introduces nine lessons that work in East Africa to spread climate-smart agricultural (CSA) practices. They can be applied all together or taken up individually to suit different circumstances and for diverse agriculture innovations.

9 Lessons for spreading successful climate-smart agriculture innovations

Formulate equitable climate-smart agricultural policies

Design climate-smart agricultural interventions to be gender inclusive

Assess whole-farm trade-offs and synergies for climate-smart agriculture

Support farmer-to-farmer and community-wide social learning

Know what drives the adoption of climate-smart agriculture across different scales

Target the pathways to scale out climate-smart agricultural technologies to farming communities

Prioritize among climate-smart agricultural options and benefits for greater impact

Invest in climate-smart soil and land health

Monitor climate-smart agricultural interventions with a real-time participatory tool


Animated videos


  • Media outreach
  • Social media clips



This project is a collaborative effort between Uganda’s National Agriculture Research Organisation (NARO) and CGIAR Research Programs and Centers, including:

  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
  • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
  • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

The project is under the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) supported by the International Fund for Agriculture Development Grant number 2000000176.

Further information

For more information, please contact project leaders Peter Läderach (CIAT) at and Caroline Mwongera (CIAT) at