Scaling up Climate-Smart Village models in East Africa

Photo: K. Trautmann (CCAFS)

Project description

This project builds on previous initiatives in CCAFS Climate-Smart Villages (CSVs) in East Africa. In collaboration with local communities, research organizations, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), and government extension agents, the team uses Participatory Action Research to identify and test a portfolio of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) innovations. The project also explores innovations, institutions and business models for building the network of Climate-Smart Villages in East Africa and supporting local adaptation planning. The activities include:

  • Participatory evaluation of multiple stress tolerant (drought, diseases, pests) crop varieties
  • Targeting small ruminant resilient breeds for climate change adaptation and improved feeds

National Agricultural Research Institutions (KARI, NARO, ARI, and EIAR), IARCs, and Ministries of Agriculture are developing and packaging appropriate CSA technologies and practices to increase agricultural productivity, enhance food security, incomes and mitigation, and build resilience. Secondly, subnational and national governments are adopting CSV models and scaling up CSA practices to other farming communities in line with Local Adaptation Plans (LAPs), providing feedback to researchers and agro-advisory agencies and creating opportunities for investments through local investment partnerships for productivity and enhanced resilience. 

Within a set of seven villages in Nyando in western Kenya, the latest data shows that the number of households that eat just one or even no meals per day is falling. When 139 households in the area were surveyed in 2010-2011, 81% experienced up to two such 'hunger months' per year; that has since dropped to just 23% in 2014. And 3% of the households now have food year-round, compared to 1% in 2010-2011. Resilient breeds of Galla goats and Red Maasai sheep were introduced in Nyando in 2012, to cross with local breeds. In 2011, fewer than half the households had introduced new breeds. By 2014, one third of all sheep and goats were cross-breeds. At this rate, all the goats and sheep in the test villages will be replaced with the new breeds by 2020.



Across the CSVs, most of the activities are implemented through the CBOs, with women constituting about 60% of the membership. Similarly, about 60% of the participants in the annual farmer learning events in the CSVs were women. The women promote resilient agricultural practices through establishment of village demonstration farms for teaching other farmers on CSA practices.


VI-AgroforestryMaseno UniversityWorld NeighboursSelian Agricultural Research Institute (SARI)National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)International Potato Centre (CIP)International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)  

Further information

For further information, please contact Dawit Solomon, Regional Program Leader for CCAFS East Africa, at