Policy action for climate change adaptation in East Africa

Photo: N. Palmer (CIAT)
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Project Description

The Policy Action for Climate Change Adaptation (PACCA) project seeks to inform and link policies and institutions from national to local level for the development and adoption of climate-resilient food systems in Uganda and Tanzania.

The project connects the scientific community with policy actors through learning alliances. Research evidence is generated through activities that include analyzing policy formulation and implementation processes, trade-off analysis, future socio-economic and climate scenario development, creating evidence-based gender awareness, and applied information economics.

The generated knowledge is exchanged with learning alliance members, who use it to implement policy engagement actions. The learning alliance participants include government technocrats and policy decision makers, scientists, non-governmental organizations, private sector representatives and farmers’ associations at national and sub-national levels.

The ambition is to encourage science-policy exchanges and create opportunities for stakeholders to express needs and current knowledge gaps, while educating participants about climate issues. All activities aim to better inform the implementation of climate-resilient policies that encourage the adoption of gender-responsive climate-smart agricultural practices across multiple scales in the two countries.


Future socio-economic and climate scenario development workshop with Learning Alliance members in Tanzania. Photo: E. van de Grift

Outcomes

This research aims to create a space in which various actors in Uganda and Tanzania work together to establish climate resilient policies and institutions that promote climate-smart agricultural practices. The actors include relevant ministries and departments, including Agriculture, Environment and Finance departments,, local governments, NGOs, media, civil society, the private sector and research organizations.

  • Increased information seeking/exchanging behaviour among policy-makers, implementers and researchers
  • Policy-makers and implementers recognize gaps and conflicts in policy implementation and seek to address them.
  • Policy-makers and implementers have identified policy actions for improved climate change adaptation.
  • Better-informed decisions for climate change adaptation by policy makers/implementers.
  • Increased appreciation of and actions towards including gender in policies and implementation.

Expected Impacts

The PACCA learning alliance has become a point of reference for many stakeholders as an appropriate and timely initiative. As well as:

  • Enhanced human capacity for climate change adaptation
  • Better-informed investment decisions for climate change adaptation
  • Inclusive and effective policy formulation and implementation
  • Collective multi-stakeholder effort to address issues of climate change

Expected Outputs

  • Building skills and knowledge around developed climate and agriculture tools and how to use them in policy making and engagement
  • Policy briefs on policy actor gaps and recommendations for effective policy formulation and implementation
  • Policy briefs on gaps and opportunities for gender inclusion in national policies
  • Climate-smart agriculture report that includes analysis at farm level and national portfolio of options
  • Network analysis reports for Uganda and Tanzania
  • Portfolio of present and future potential climate-smart agriculture investment options
  • Strategies, recommendations and guidelines for improving the implementation of climate-resilient food policies
  • Scientific publications and other communication products.

Partners

The project is led by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and works with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), and Bioversity International.

The group is collaborating with relevant ministries and departments, national research institutions and other non-state agencies involved in climate change work in Uganda and Tanzania. For example, in Uganda the project works with the Ministry of Water and Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Participatory Ecological Land-Use Management (PELUM Uganda),Community Integrated Development InitiativesMakerere University Climate Change Research Institute, Environmental Management for Livelihoods Improvement (EMLI),  the Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change, the National Agriculture Research Organization and Rakai Local Government. In Tanzania, partners include the Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives, the Vice President’s Office, Lushoto District Council, the Agriculture Non-State Actors Forumthe University of Dar Es Salaam, Sokoine University of Agriculture, and Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF).

Gender

The national Learning Alliances will be gender-aware and implement co-produced gender guidelines that provide for equal opportunities for participation and decision-making. Thus, the engagement strategy will also be tailored to address gender issues. In addition, the proposed strategies for improving the national policies will have a strong gender orientation. Furthermore, national policies will have been analyzed with a gender lens and the proposed means of developing and operationalizing policies will also seek to address the gender gaps in the policies, among other things.

Further information

For further information, please contact the Project Coordinator, Edidah Ampaire (e.ampaire@cgiar.org).