Climate-Smart Agriculture in Sri Lanka

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The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
the ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. CSA aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals under a
changing climate and increasing food demand. CSA initiatives
sustainably increase agriculture productivity, enhance resilience
of agro-systems, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases
(GHGs) from agriculture production, and require planning to
address tradeoffs and synergies between these three pillars:
productivity, adaptation, and mitigation [1]. While the
concept is new, and still evolving, many of the practices that
constitute CSA already exist worldwide and are used by farmers
to different degrees to cope with various production risks [2].
Mainstreaming CSA requires a critical stocktaking of existing
and promising agricultural production practices for the future,
and of institutional and financial enablers for CSA adoption. This
country profile provides a snapshot of a developing baseline
created to initiate the discussion about entry points for investing
in and scaling up CSA in Sri Lanka.


World Bank; CIAT. 2015. Climate-smart agriculture in Sri Lanka. CSA country profiles for Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean series. Washington D.C.: The World Bank Group.


  • World Bank
  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture