Understanding and scaling organizations for smallholder resilience | Global Challenges Programme project

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Project description

This project on understanding and scaling organizational structures for smallholder resilience (OSMARE) in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe aims to define how the organizational structures of thirteen selected business models in the five countries stimulate smallholder resilience to market, social and environmental shocks through climate-smart agriculture (CSA) related incentives. 

Smallholder resilience represents a crucial ability for farmers to adapt to unexpected systemic shocks inherent to agri-food systems. Agribusiness managers and development actors, as well as farmers themselves, can use these organizational structures as levers to enhance smallholder resilience, thus fostering competitiveness, inclusiveness and mitigating or preventing the effects of climate change in the medium and long run.

Based on the findings from two complementary studies involving 2,600 farmers in three years, results will be disseminated and discussed with local farmer organizations and their stakeholders, including agribusiness managers and development actors, to draw actionable implications for scaling up and scaling out innovative and best-fit business models to support the transformation to climate-smart agriculture.

This research is connected to the CCAFS project on partnerships for scaling (P4S) that formalizes new partnerships that support the scaling of CSA through the establishment of an evidence base. 

OSMARE will complement P4S by extending the assessment framework from the adoption of CSA practices to the development of smallholder resilience.

This focus on smallholder resilience will integrate a food system approach at the core of OSMARE, since resilience inherently harnesses the multi-dimensional, uncertain and non-linear nature of changes taking place in agricultural and food systems.

Through research and dissemination, OSMARE will contribute to national, regional and global discussions, interventions and actions aimed to scale CSA.


Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Tanzania


Further information

For more information, please contact the project leaders:

This project is one of eight projects working to scale climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices in East Africa that were funded in the fourth call of the Food & Business Global Challenges Program (GCP4). 

The GCP4 is a collaboration between CCAFSNWO-WOTRO and the Food & Business Knowledge Platform, under the recently established NL-CGIAR partnership.