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GHG mitigation in rice: From evidence-based concepts to adoption at scale

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Project description

This project focuses on options for enhancing the uptake of low emissions development technologies and practices in rice through new technical innovations, including, besides alternate wetting and drying, low-emissions straw management to avoid burning, limiting straw incorporation, efficiency gains, and avoiding losses through mechanization. A standardizing measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV) prototype for rice emissions and mitigation is planned to be developed by building on existing approaches and integrating a specific calculator tool just for rice. A feasible MRV system is needed for both allowing for investments through public and private projects but also as a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) tool for nationally determined contribution (NDC) implementation. 


  • Innovative technologies and policy analysis, comprising new research topics that are seen as likely steering future research for development agendas: low-emitting varieties, carbon sequestration in rice systems as well as food loss and mechanization.
  • Demand-driven support of mitigation planning, focusing on the development of nationally owned concepts, maintaining momentum and building the necessary capacity for implementation.
  • MRV system for a normative MRV prototype for rice emissions and mitigation that will be developed building on existing approaches and integrating a specific calculator tool for rice.
  • Assessing entry points to low carbon certification schemes.

Expected outcomes

  • IRRI will co-develop two programs targeting 200,000 ha with low-emissions interventions and aims at reducing emissions in Vietnam by 300,000 t CO2-eq per year by 2025.
  • Update Vietnam's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as well es developing an implementation plan for the rice sector.


The design of the project has been informed by gender studies conducted in Vietnam by the CCAFS project 'No Regrets' which found that ED options can address needs and capacities of both men and women working in rice-based systems. This project introduces technical innovations on mitigation and corresponding economic incentives to rice farming communities to improve farming systems and livelihood opportunities, and contribute to climate mitigation.


This project is led by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), and in collaboration with:

  • Cuu Long Delta Rice Research Institute (CLRRI)
  • Institute for Agricultural Environment, Vietnam (IAE)
  • Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD)
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam (MARD)
  • National Agricultural Extension Center, Vietnam (NAEC)

More information

For more information, please contact project leader Bjoern Ole Sander, IRRI (