Scaling-up Strategies for Climate Risk Management in South Asian Agriculture

Photo: Ayush Manik (Independent Consultant)
Solar Powered Irrigation System in Bihar, India

This project aims to increase farmers' access to climate-smart agriculture solutions by translating science-based evidence, enhanced capacity and innovative partnerships with regional, national and sub-national stakeholders in South Asia. To achieve this goal, the project focuses on evaluation and synthesis of CSA evidence across different agro-ecological systems and institutional mechanism of scaling out CSA innovations. These activities would contribute towards a national strategy for synthesizing existing and new knowledge and learnings gained by NARS and CG centres Programs in climate risk management to guide investments being made by the government and donors.

This project also focuses on developing climate-smart finance and investment plan at national and/or sub-national levels for scaling out CSA. These plans will lead to developing climate finance strategies in agriculture sectors through various financing sources and investment mechanisms. The CSA options are also exploring residue management using alternate tillage practices and straw management system to curb rice residue burning and resultant air pollution in north-western India. Additionally, this project focuses on assessing the links between CSA, Insurance, reinsurance and social welfare in climatically challenged areas using state-of-art tools and technologies to strengthen climatic risk management in the region.

Knowledge sharing and capacity development are integrated in this project; it provides a platform for South-South collaboration through capacity development, sharing science-based evidence on CSA and cross-CRP linkages. Raising the capacity of women and youth for climate risk management in agriculture are a critical part of the project for scaling out CSA practices, technologies, services and CSV approach.

Project Activities

Successful CSA to show impact beyond the pilot project requires institutional supports and involvement of key stakeholders at national and sub-national levels. This activity focuses to explore the wider enabling environment for scaling out CSA through different institutional and investment mechanisms. The research area seeks to address issues around the effectiveness of existing policies and institutions for CSA by developing innovative approaches and conducting comparative analysis of the enabling conditions required for CSA adoption at scale. SA regional program in collaboration with CGIAR Centers (CIMMYT, ICRISAT, IRRI, IWMI), BISA and National/Sub-national partners will evaluate institutional mechanisms for scaling out CSA solutions for climate risks management in agriculture in different agro-ecological zones of SA. In addition, this activity deals the challenges of integrating knowledge across multiple levels, addressing equity considerations and impact in a scale.

This activity focuses to evaluate several CSA technologies and practices across the agro-ecological zones of South Asia. This will primarily involve creating evidences using literature review, test and evaluate several CSA technologies in farmers’ fields, simulation modelling, and socio-economic surveys. Innovations for better seed, water, nutrient, energy and knowledge management under climatic risks conditions will be evaluated across different agro-ecological systems of South Asia. This activity will help to bridge the research gaps and supplement the flagship projects for scaling out climate smart agriculture in the region. SA regional program will work in collaboration with CGIAR Centers (CIMMYT, ICRISAT, IRRI, IWMI), BISA and National/Sub-national partners to accomplish this activity. The activity will also explore the opportunity to include CSA innovations for South-South collaboration, gender and social inclusions and basis for the development of CSA investment plans at various levels.

This activity focuses on developing climate smart finance and investment plan at national and/or sub-national levels for scaling out CSA. This area of work includes identification of location specific climatic risks, CSA solutions and investment opportunities and gaps. In addition, this activity focuses on assessing the type of finance needed for scaling out CSA innovations, identifying potential financial sources (public and private) and prioritizing climate smart investments in agriculture. This will lead to develop financial mobilization strategies and action plan in agriculture sectors through various financial sources and investment mechanisms.

This activity aims to strengthen women and youth's capacity on climate risk management by improving their access to CSA technologies, knowledge and financial resources. This activity will focus on identification of women friendly CSA technologies, business opportunities for youth and incentive mechanism for women and youth to scaling out CSA technologies, practices and services in different agro-ecological zones of South Asia. This acativity will also cover large socio-economic and institutional surveys, generation of gender disaggregated data and impact analysis of CSA policies and programs in the region.

This activity involves active engagement with different stakeholders at global, regional, national and sub-national level who are key for conducting research, policy development and scaling out CSA innovation for climate risk management in South Asia. SA regional program will promote several portfolios of adaptation and mitigation options with the involvement of local government, farmers and their groups, private sector, researchers from NARS, CGIAR centers and non-government sectors. This will also explore potential of consolidation and convergence of several adaptation and mitigation options for scaling out CSVs in the different agro-ecological zones. The regional program will frequently organize science-policy dialogue between scientists and policy makers; scientific meeting and workshops, field visits and capacity building trainings.

This activity includes a) review of existing index and area-based agricultural insurance policies b) developing new comprehensive catastrophic reinsurance scheme through stochastic modelling c) identifying synergies and trade-offs in bundling crop insurance with CSA d) analyzing role of crop insurance in fostering agricultural growth, enhancing resilience and increasing efficiency of farming systems e) developing integrated technological solutions (CAM) to increase efficacy and efficiency of agricultural insurance policies.

Project Deliverables