Programme for Climate-Smart Livestock Systems (PCSL)

Two calves
C. Hanotte (ILRI)

Project description

The Programme for Climate Smart Livestock (PCSL) project aims to ensure that key actors in the livestock sector increasingly include climate change adaptation and mitigation in their farming practices, sector strategies and investment projects. The project focuses on the combination of scientific data collection and solution-led field research on climate-smart livestock production. The results are being mainstreamed via large-scale investment projects. Together with livestock keepers, promising climate-smart livestock systems are being developed by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and are undergoing practical trials. They include improvements in the cultivation of specific fodder crops, feed processing as well as manure and pasture management. The contribution of livestock systems to climate change mitigation and adaptation is demonstrated through on-site measurements and laboratory investigations. These findings are being disseminated through training-the-trainer measures and are included in the curricula of relevant training and extension organizations. At policy level, possible development paths in the livestock sector are being designed as part of multi-stakeholder working groups, and participatory scenario planning for targeted decision-making is used. This ensures that the expected short, medium and long-term impacts of climate change on the livestock sector are taken into account in the planning of policy frameworks, strategies and investment projects. In addition, ILRI supports partner countries in shifting their measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems to tier 2 approaches in the livestock sector. This is particularly relevant in demonstrating the effectiveness of climate change mitigation measures, thus enabling countries to improve their reporting on the Paris Agreement.

Expected outcomes

  • Each of the three focus countries (Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda) will incorporate evidence and strategic options generated by the project into one livestock sector strategy.
  • The CCAFS scenarios approach will be used to help decision-makers target and implement interventions that aim at improving livestock development in a climate-smart way, thereby improving the availability of nutrient-rich foods and access to income that helps boost food security for livestock keepers.
  • In the three focus countries, 10,000 trained livestock keepers will apply validated measures for climate-smart livestock systems.

Gender and youth

This project was designed based on previous research by ILRI regarding the differences between men and women in livestock keeping practices, the ability to adopt adaptation measures, and the understanding that gender roles must be considered when designing interventions.

More information

For more information, please contact the project leader Polly Ericksen, ILRI (

Project Activities

Field of Activity C contributes to improving the capacities of responsible stakeholders to report on NDCs under the Paris Agreement. Activities carried out in this field of activity will consider the modalities, procedures and quidelines of the Enhanced Transparency Framework of the Paris Agreement. In particular, ILRI will take the reporting timelines for updating and reporting on NDC commitments into account. By 2020 countries have to submit revised NDCs. Thus in 2018 and 2019 – upon request of the focus countries – ILRI may support stakeholders to improve their strategies for the livestock sector and to update their mitigation ambitions and support needs for adaptation. In 2021 and 2022, ILRI will focus more on piloting monitoring protocols and training partners in protocols and tools for implementing MRV and adaptation tracking.

Activity A contributes to improving the dissemination of interventions for climate smart livestock systems in the three focus countries, through training-of-trainer measures for extension services and livestock keepers functioning as multipliers, with the aim that those who have received training will impart their know-how to other actors and that the innovations will be adopted in the training curricula and practices of relevant organisations (A.3). The trainings will base on improved GHG emissions baselines and adaptation performance indicators (A.1) and validated climate-smart livestock development practices (A.2).

Activity B contributes to the integration of climate change mitigation and adaptation in the development of livestock-related policies, including implementation and governance arrangements. A first step is to engage with national, multi-sector working groups for livestock and climate change stakeholders (B.1). The research results on livestock development pathways (B.2), lessons from policy work and action research (B.3) and investment guidelines (B.4) will be shared and discussed during the meetings of the working groups.

Project Deliverables