Shaping equitable climate change policies for resilient food systems across Central America and the Caribbean

Project description

This CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) project works closely with countries and regional bodies in Central America to improve decision making processes, policy design and implementation to support more resilient food systems for improved food security and nutrition in the context of progressive climate change. We take stock of existing policies and regulations to understand barriers and success factors in order to inform more appropriate policy mixes to address the complex, cross-sectoral agenda of climate change, food security and nutrition. Through the development and analysis of exploratory scenarios and foresight, including on gender-related issues, and the modelling of possible impacts under climate change, we support the formulation of improved or new policies, decision making processes and governance structures at national and regional levels. By 2020 we will have contributed to an equitable and enabling institutional and policy environment for sustainable food systems under progressive climate change.

The project consists of four main components including policy mix analysis, explorative scenarios development, and modelling of food and nutrition futures in parallel to demand-driven policy engagement and gender analysis. The project will be aligned to an International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) funded project "A Common Journey" led by CIAT on climate policy analysis and capacity building across C4 countries and other field-based projects where implementation of policies can be showcased. Concrete links with the policy analysis component of the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) will be established.

Project Activities

Using a specific analytical framework to capture policy interaction between and among Climate change and nutritional and food security (SAN) including gender dimension during policy process (design and implementation), these activities will consist of analyzing current policy regarding Agriculture, CC and SAN, identify and assess the interactions (coherence, synergy, and trade-off) between policy instruments and interventions, and the dynamic of CC issue integration within SAN policy, and SAN concept within CC policies. It will also address policy implementation bottlenecks and policy mix performance. This activity will encompass policy documents review, and direct interviews with actors (civil servants, NGOs, donors, civil society, and farmers representatives). It will be developed at the national level, first in Honduras, and further in Guatemala.

This activity will consist first in a diagnostic assessment to identify gender resource gaps for achieving SAN in light of CC (review of existing data and existing public policies). It will be first developed in Guatemala, then in Honduras.
This activity will enable to identify strategies for gender issue integration in SAN and CC policies, to define metodology to support policy analysis with gender lens (policy tool kit with gender lens), as well as peer review paper regarding inclusion of gender in CC and SAN policies. It will also contribute to raise lessons learned for better inclusion of gender issues in policy regarding CC and SAN.

This activity will consist 1) in reviewing the existing collection of actor mapping activities in order to develop a meta-analysis of relationships network archetypes relative to food and nutrition security under climate change; 2) modelling the impact of climate change and network structure on the vulnerability of farmers to CC as well as SAN outcomes.

This activities will consist in building socioeconomic scenarios with stakeholders in selected countries (Honduras, Guatemala, Salvador), to elicit current and future issues linked with CC and SAN at national or sub national level (dry corridor). The scenarios will be used as inputs to guide donors investment strategies and policy document (re)formulation.

This activity will have three dimensions. First, it will have analytical dimension including the identification of ongoing or planned policy formulation process in Central American countries where the projects policy engagement could be fruitful (opportunity window), and related demand from actors regarding CCAFS projects information, and analysis of public and private schemes of funding oriented toward SAN and CC in Central American countries. These activities will enable to design an engagement strategy per country. Second, it will have an systematization and learning dimension, that will consist in systematization CCAFS past experiences of policy engagement in the region , systematization of project experience of policy engagement during the implementation, and finally sharing lessons with stakeholders to foster science policy dialogue. The third dimension will consist in capacity strengthening of stakeholders and actors at various level, through workshop, policy brief, and training.

Project Deliverables