Climate-Smart Agriculture in Bhutan


The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals
under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and
mitigation [7]. The priorities of different countries and
stakeholders are reflected to achieve more efficient, effective,
and equitable food systems that address challenges in
environmental, social, and economic dimensions across
productive landscapes. While the concept is new, and still
evolving, many of the practices that make up CSA already
exist worldwide and are used by farmers to cope with
various production risks [8]. Mainstreaming CSA requires
critical stocktaking of ongoing and promising practices for
the future, and of institutional and financial enablers for
CSA adoption. This country profile provides a snapshot of
a developing baseline created to initiate discussion, both
within countries and globally, about entry points for investing
in CSA at scale.


CIAT; World Bank. 2017. Climate-Smart Agriculture in Bhutan. CSA Country Profiles for Asia Series. International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); The World Bank. Washington, D.C. 26 p.


  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture
  • World Bank